Anisimov Dmitriy Igorevich, Candidate of medical sciences, traumatologist-orthopedist, Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology, Orthopedics and Neurosurgery, Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachia street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: email@example.com
Anisimova Elena Anatol'evna, Doctor of medical sciences, professor, sub-department of human anatomy, Saratov Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachia street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Chelnokova Natal'ya Olegovna, Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of operational surgery and topographical anatomy, Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachia street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: email@example.com
Efremova Serafima Anatol'evna, student, Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachia street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. To study the variability of stereotypometric landmarks of the occipital condyle of the human skull.
Materials and methods. 86 mesobasilar skulls (52 males and 34 females) of the first period of adulthood (23-35 years) were studied. The coordinates of the anterior, inferior and posterior occipital condyle were determined, with the skull being set in a stereocraniobasiometer in the frankfurt plane and the distances from the points studied to the sagittal – X, frontal – Y and frankfurt – Z planes were determined.
Results. The anterior pole of the condyle on the turtles of men is 12.3 mm relative to the sagittal plane, 10.4 mm on the women's skulls; the frontal plane – by 4.3 and 2.1 mm, the frankfurt – by 22.9 and 19.7 mm; the lower pole on the turtles of men is located about 14.8 mm in relation to the sagittal plane, on women's skulls – by 13.9 mm; the frontal plane – by 12.7 and 11.1 mm, the frankfurt one by 27.3 and 23.0 mm; the posterior pole on the turtles of men is 22.8 mm in relation to the sagittal plane, on women's skulls – by 23.5 mm; frontal – by 23.1 and 20.7 mm, frankfurt – by 21.6 and 17.3 mm, respectively.
Conclusions. For the coordinates of the occipital condyle, sexual dimorphism and fluctuating bilateral dissymmetry are characteristic.
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